Element: Mercury (Hg)

Element (Atom) NameMercury
SymbolHg
Physical state at room temperatureLiquid
Element ClassificationMetal
Group NameNone
Period Number (Periodic table) 6
Group number (Periodic table)12
Atomic number80
Atomic weight200.592 (Ref: Jlab-ele080, ciaaw-mercury, Nist-80)
200.5 (Ref: Lanl-80)
Atomic Radius209 pm (Van der Waals) (Ref: Lanl-80)
Density13.5336 g/cm3 (Ref: Jlab-ele080)
Melting point-38.83°C (Ref: Jlab-ele080, Lanl-80)
Boiling point356.73°C (Ref: Jlab-ele080, Lanl-80)
Electron shell configuration1s2 
2s2 2p6 
3s2 3p6 3d10 
4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 
5s2 5p6 5d10
6s2 
Oxidation States+2, +1 (Ref: Jlab-ele080)
2 (mercuric), 1 (mercurous), −2 ​(Ref: Lanl-80)
Ionization Energy10.438 eV (Ref: Jlab-ele080)
10.437504 eV (Ref: Nist-80)
Number of Stable Isotopes7
InChIInChI=1S/Hg (Ref: Pubchem-80)
InChI KeyQSHDDOUJBYECFT-UHFFFAOYSA-N (Ref: Pubchem-80)
Remarks 

REFERENCES

  • Jlab-ele080: https://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele080.html
  • Lanl-80: https://periodic.lanl.gov/80.shtml
  • ciaaw-mercury: https://www.ciaaw.org/mercury.htm
  • Nist-80: https://physics.nist.gov/cgi-bin/Elements/elInfo.pl?element=80
  • Pubchem-80: https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/element/80
  • science.co.il: https://www.science.co.il/elements/

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