Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC)

  • Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of liver cancer. The majority (≈75%) of liver cancer is HCC, making it the most prevalent kind.
  • Hepatocytes, the main cells of the liver responsible for producing bile and carrying out a variety of other metabolic tasks, are the origin of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
  • The major risk factors 
    • Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C infection
    • Alcohol abuse
    • non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
    • exposure to toxins such as aflatoxins
    • Family history of liver cancer (genetic conditions)
  • Symptoms:
    • Abdominal pain,
    • Weight loss
    • Fatigue
    • Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes)
  • Diagnosis:
    • Ultrasound
    • CT scan
    • MRI,
    • Blood tests to measure liver function and levels of tumor markers
    • Liver biopsy to confirm HCC
  • Treatment options: Depend on the stage and extent of the tumor and the health of the patient.
    • Surgical resection
    • Liver transplantation
    • Ablation therapy (using heat or cold to destroy the tumor) 
    • Chemotherapy

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