- Ammonium hydroxide (NH4OH) is a clear colorless liquid. A 56.6% (w/w) concentrated ammonium hydroxide can be obtained from different suppliers.
- When ammonia dissolves in water, it forms Ammonium hydroxide. A 28% aqueous solution of ammonia (NH3) is equal to approximately 56.6% Ammonium hydroxide (Ref: Sigmaaldrich).
- A 56.6% (w/w) Ammonium hydroxide means that the 100 g of Ammonium hydroxide solution contains 56.6 g of NH4OH.
- The density of 56.6% (w/w) Ammonium hydroxide is 0.9 g/ml at 25°C which means that the weight of the 1 ml of Ammonium hydroxide is 0.9 g at 25°C.
- Molarity refers to the number of moles of the solute present in 1 liter of solution.
- In simple words, 1 mole is equal to the molecular weight of the substance. For example, 1 mole of NH4OH is equal to 35.05 g of NH4OH (molecular weight = 35.05).
|Density of 56.6% Ammonium hydroxide solution||0.9 g/ml|
|Molecular weight of NH4OH||35.05 g/mole|
|Concentration of Ammonium hydroxide solution||56.6% (% by mass, wt/wt)|
Step 1: Calculate the volume of 100 g of Ammonium Hydroxide.
Density = weight / volume
Volume = weight / density
The volume of 100 g of Ammonium hydroxide solution: 100/0.9 = 111.11 ml
Note: A 56.6% (w/w) Ammonium hydroxide solution means that 100 g of Ammonium hydroxide solution contains 56.6 g of NH4OH.
The volume of 100 g of Ammonium hydroxide solution is 111.11 ml. It means that 56.6 g of NH4OH is present in 111.11 ml of Ammonium hydroxide solution.
Step 2: Calculate how many grams of NH4OH is present in 1000 ml of Ammonium Hydroxide.
111.11 ml of Ammonium hydroxide solution contain = 56.6 g of NH4OH
1 ml of Ammonium hydroxide solution will contain = 56.6/111.11 g of NH4OH
1000 ml of Ammonium hydroxide solution will contain = 1000 x 56.6/111.11 = 509.405 g of NH4OH
1000 ml of Ammonium hydroxide will contain 509.405 g of NH4OH
Step 3: Calculate the number of moles of NH4OH present in 509.405 g of NH4OH.
35.05 g of NH4OH is equal to 1 mole.
1 g of NH4OH will be equal to 1/35.05 moles.
509.405 g of NH4OH will be equal to = 509.405 x 1/35.05 = 14.534 moles
Therefore, we can say that 1 liter of Ammonium hydroxide contains 14.534 moles or in other words molarity of 56.6% (w/w) Ammonium hydroxide is equal to 14.534 M.
Calculator – Calculate Molarity of Ammonium Hydroxide (NH4OH) Solution
Use calculator to calculate the molarity of Ammonium hydroxide solution when concentration is given in % by mass (w/w)
Ammonium hydroxide (NH4OH) Molecular weight: 35.05 g/mol
Concentration of Ammonium Hydroxide in % (wt/wt) : % (wt/wt)
(Change the % (wt/wt) concentration)
Density of Ammonium Hydroxide: g/ml
(Change the density)
Molarity of Ammonium Hydroxide: 14.534 M