Nitrogenous Bases

Nitrogenous bases (also known as Nucleobases or bases) are nitrogen-containing compounds. They are an important component of nucleic acids. These bases together with ribose (sugar molecule) and phosphate form nucleotides, the monomeric unit of DNA and RNA. 

The following five nitrogenous bases are structural components of nucleic acids:

  • Adenine (A)
  • Guanine (G)
  • Thymine (T)
  • Cytosine (C) 
  • Uracil (U)

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