Preparation of 0.5 M EDTA Solution from Disodium EthyleneDiamineTetraacetate Dihydrate (EDTA.Na2.2H2O)

OVERVIEW

EDTA (Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid), a polyamino carboxylic acid, is extensively used in molecular biology experiments as a chelating agent. It efficiently sequesters divalent metal ions that are required for many nucleic acid modifying enzymes including DNases (but not RNases). EDTA-sequestered metal ions, although present in the solution (no precipitation), are unable to catalyze any enzymatic reactions. This property of EDTA makes it a suitable choice for molecular biologists to stop an enzymatic reaction or protect nucleic acid from any unwanted modification or degradation. 

EDTA is commercially available in several forms. Disodium salt of EDTA (EDTA.Na2.2H2O) is most commonly used in molecular biology. A 0.5 M EDTA solution can be prepared by dissolving 186.12 grams of EDTA.Na2.2H2O (Molecular Weight: 372.24) in water to a final volume of 1000 ml.

REQUIREMENTS

Reagents and solutions
EDTA.Na2.2H2O
NaOH pallet / 10N NaOH solution (for pH adjustment)
Deionized / Milli-Q water

Equipment and disposables
Measuring cylinder
Conical flask / Beaker
Magnetic stirrer

Composition
0.5 M EDTA, pH 8.0 at 25°C

Objective:
Preparation of 1000 ml of 0.5 M EDTA solution, pH 8.0 in water from ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid disodium salt, dihydrate (EDTA.Na2.2H2O)

Preparation

Step 1: Weigh out 186.12 grams of EDTA.Na2.2H2O (Molecular Weight 372.24). Transfer to a 2-liter beaker / conical flask. Add 800 ml deionized / Milli-Q water.

Precaution:
Do not dissolve in 1000 ml of deionized / Milli-Q water. In most cases, solution volume increases when a large amount of solute dissolves in the solvent.

Step 2: While stirring vigorously on a magnetic stirrer, add NaOH pellet or 10N NaOH to adjust the solution pH 8.0.

Tips
◊ ~20 g NaOH pellet is required to adjust the pH 8.0.
◊ It is not easy to dissolve EDTA. To dissolve the EDTA completely, solution pH 8.0 is required.

Step 3:  When all EDTA is completely dissolved, adjust the volume to 1000 ml with deionized / Milli-Q water. Mix it again.

Step 4:  Transfer the solution to an autoclavable bottle and sterilize it by autoclaving for 20 minutes at 15 lb/in2 (1.05 kg/cm2) on liquid cycle.

Note:
One can sterilize the solution by filtering through a 0.22 μm filter unit. Filter sterilization removes all suspended particles with size more than 0.22 μm which includes most bacteria and their spores but not mycoplasma. In addition, it does not inactivate enzymes (e.g., DNases). In contrast, autoclaving inactivates most enzymes except some (e.g., RNases) and kills most microorganisms including mycoplasma.

Storage:
The solution can be stored at 15 – 25 °C (room temperature) for years.

Follow the table to prepare EDTA solution of specific concentration and volume from EDTA.Na2.2H2O (Molecular Weight 372.24).
Conc. / Volume100 ml250 ml500 ml1000 ml
10 mM0.37 g0.93 g1.86 g3.72 g
100 mM3.72 g9.30 g18.61 g37.22 g
0.25 M9.31 g23.26 g46.53 g93.06 g
0.5 M18.61 g46.53 g93.06 g186.12 g

Molarity calculator

Calculate the amount of EDTA.Na2.2H2O (M.W 372.24 g/mol) required to prepare a solution of specific molarity and volume.

Molecular weight of EDTA.Na2.2H2O: 372.24 g/mol


Molarity of EDTA solution: M

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Volume of stock solution: ml

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Required amount of EDTA.Na2.2H2O: 186.12 g

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4 thoughts on “Preparation of 0.5 M EDTA Solution from Disodium EthyleneDiamineTetraacetate Dihydrate (EDTA.Na2.2H2O)

  1. Question : I want to prepare a 100 mL of 0.5 M Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) disodium salt. Calculate the amount of EDTA disodium needed if your lab only has EDTA disodium dihydrate salt.

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