The molecular weight of Sucrose (C12H22O11) is 342.2978.
To calculate molecular weight of any compound, the first step is to know the constituent atoms and their number in that particular compound. Then calculate the total weight of each atom by multiplying its atomic weight by its number. The sum of total weight of all constituent atoms will be the molecular weight of the compound. Note that the value of atomic weight may differ slightly from different sources.
CALCULATION PROCEDURE: Sucrose (C12H22O11) Molecular Weight Calculation
Step 1: Find out the chemical formula and determine constituent atoms and their number in a Sucrose molecule.
From the chemical formula, you will know different atoms and their number in a Sucrose molecule. Chemical formula of Sucrose is C12H22O11. From the chemical formula of Sucrose, you can find that one molecule of Sucrose have twelve Carbon (C) atoms, twenty two Hydrogen (H) atoms and eleven Oxygen (O) atoms.
Step 2: Find out atomic weights of each atom (from periodic table).
Atomic weight of Carbon (C): 12.0107 (Ref: Jlab-ele006)
Atomic weight of Hydrogen (H) : 1.008 (Ref: Lanl-1)
Atomic weight of Oxygen (O) : 15.9994 (Ref: Jlab-ele008)
Step 3: Calculate the total weight of each atom present in a Sucrose molecule by multiplying its atomic weight by its number.
Number of Carbon atoms in Sucrose: 12
Atomic weight of Carbon: 12.0107
Total weight of Carbon atoms in Sucrose: 12.0107 x 12 = 144.1284
Number of Hydrogen atoms in Sucrose: 22
Atomic weight of Hydrogen: 1.008
Total weight of Hydrogen atoms in Sucrose: 1.008 x 22 = 22.176
Number of Oxygen atoms in Sucrose: 11
Atomic weight of Oxygen: 15.9994
Total weight of Oxygen atoms in Sucrose: 15.9994 x 11 = 175.9934
Step 4: Calculate the molecular weight of Sucrose by adding up the total weight of all atoms.
Molecular weight of Sucrose: 144.1284 (Carbon) + 22.176 (Hydrogen) + 175.9934 (Oxygen) = 342.2978
So the molecular weight of Sucrose is 342.2978.
Sucrose (C5H10O5) Molecular Weight Calculation
|Molecular weight of Sucrose|
|Constituent atoms||Number of each atom||Atomic weight||Total weight |
|Molecular weight of Sucrose:||342.2978|
- Lanl-1: https://periodic.lanl.gov/1.shtml
- Pubchem-Hydrogen : https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/element/Hydrogen
- Jlab-ele006; https://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele006.html
- Pubchem-6: https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/element/6
- Jlab-ele008: https://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele008.html
- Pubchem-8: https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/element/8