Tartaric Acid (HO2CCH(OH)CH(OH)CO2H) Molecular Weight Calculation

The molecular weight of Tartaric acid (HO2CCH(OH)CH(OH)CO2H) is 150.0872.

Tartaric acid (HO2CCH(OH)CH(OH)CO2H) Molecular Weight CalculationTo calculate molecular weight of any compound, the first step is to know the constituent atoms and their number in that particular compound. Then calculate the total weight of each atom by multiplying its atomic weight by its number. The sum of total weight of all constituent atoms will be the molecular weight of the compound. Note that the value of atomic weight may differ slightly from different sources.

CALCULATION PROCEDURE: Tartaric acid (HO2CCH(OH)CH(OH)CO2H) Molecular Weight Calculation

Step 1: Find out the chemical formula and determine constituent atoms and their number in a Tartaric acid molecule.
From the chemical formula, you will know different atoms and their number in a Tartaric acid molecule. Chemical formula of Tartaric acid is C4H6O6. From the chemical formula of Tartaric acid, you can find that one molecule of Tartaric acid has four Carbon (C) atoms, six Hydrogen (H) atoms and six Oxygen (O) atoms.

Step 2: Find out atomic weights of each atom (from periodic table).

Atomic weight of Carbon (C): 12.0107 (Ref: Jlab-ele006)
Atomic weight of
Hydrogen (H) : 1.008 (Ref: Lanl-1)
Atomic weight of Oxygen (O) : 15.9994 (Ref: Jlab-ele008)

Step 3: Calculate the total weight of each atom present in a Tartaric acid molecule by multiplying its atomic weight by its number.

Number of Carbon atoms in Tartaric acid: 4
Atomic weight of Carbon: 12.0107
Total weight of Carbon atoms in Tartaric acid: 12.0107 x 4 = 48.0428

Number of Hydrogen atoms in Tartaric acid: 6
Atomic weight of Hydrogen: 1.008
Total weight of Hydrogen atoms in Tartaric acid: 1.008 x 6 = 6.048

Number of Oxygen atoms in Tartaric acid: 6
Atomic weight of Oxygen: 15.9994
Total weight of Oxygen atoms in Tartaric acid: 15.9994 x 6 = 95.9964

Step 4: Calculate the molecular weight of Tartaric acid by adding up the total weight of all atoms.

Molecular weight of Tartaric acid: 48.0428 (Carbon) + 6.048 (Hydrogen) + 95.9964 (Oxygen) = 150.0872

So the molecular weight of Tartaric acid is 150.0872.

Tartaric acid (HO2CCH(OH)CH(OH)CO2H) Molecular Weight Calculation

Molecular weight of Tartaric acid
Constituent atoms
Number of each atom
Atomic weightTotal weight
Carbon (C)412.010748.0428
Hydrogen (H)
6
1.0086.048
Oxygen (O)
6
15.999495.9964
Molecular weight of Tartaric acid:
150.0872

REFERENCES:

  • Lanl-1: https://periodic.lanl.gov/1.shtml 
  • Pubchem-Hydrogen : https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/element/Hydrogen 
  • Jlab-ele006; https://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele006.html
  • Pubchem-6: https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/element/6
  • Jlab-ele008: https://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele008.html
  • Pubchem-8: https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/element/8

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