|Acids / bases||Molecular formula||Molecular weight||Strength of Concentrated reagent as supplied commercially||Specific gravity (g/ml) at 25 °C||Molarity(mole/L)|
|Formic acid||HCOOH||46.03||95 % (w/w)||1.22||25.179|
|Acetic acid (glacial)||CH3COOH||60.05||99.6% (w/w)||1.05||17.4|
|Hydrochloric acid||HCl||36.46||36 % (w/w)||1.176||11.61|
|Hydrochloric acid||HCl||36.46||37 % (w/w)||1.2||12.178|
|Nitric acid||HNO3||63.01||70 % (w/w)||1.413||15.698|
|Phosphoric acid||H3PO4||98.00||85 % (w/w)||1.685||14.615|
|Sulfuric acid||H2SO4||98.07||95 % (w/w)||1.84||17.822|
|Ammonium hydroxide(also known as aqueous solution of ammonia)||NH4OH(NH3 + H2O)||35.0||56.6% (w/w) NH4OH*Or28% NH3 in water||0.90||14.8|
|Potassium Hydroxide||KOH||56.11||45.0% (w/w)||1.456||11.677|
|Sodium Hydroxide||NaOH||40.0||50.0% (w/w)||1.515||18.938|
* 56.6% Ammonium hydroxide solution contains 28% (w/w) ammonia (NH3). Ammonia is a gas that dissolves readily in water. In aqueous solution, it is present as Ammonium hydroxide.
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