- LB medium is a rich growth medium, commonly used to grow E. coli.
- LB Lennox Broth contains 1% Bacto-tryptone, 0.5% Bacto-yeast extract and 0.5% Sodium chloride. The other two variants of LB, the Miller broth and Luria broth, differ only in the concentration of sodium chloride. This allows the researcher to select the optimal salt concentration for the growth of a specific strain of E. coli.
- A 1000 ml LB Lennox Broth is prepared by dissolving 10 g Bacto-tryptone, 5 g Bacto-yeast extract, and 5 g sodium chloride in deionized water to a final volume of 1000 ml. After adjusting the pH 7.0 with 5N NaOH medium is autoclaved and stored in a cold room.
Reagents and solutions
5N NaOH (for pH adjustment)
Deionized / Milli-Q water
Equipment and disposables
Erlenmeyer flask / Beaker
Hot plate / Magnetic stirrer with a heating device
0.5% Bacto-yeast extract
0.5% Sodium chloride
pH : 7.0 ± 0.2
Preparation of 1000 ml of LB Lennox broth
Step 1: To prepare 1000 ml of LB Lennox broth, weigh out 10 g tryptone, 5 g yeast extract, and 5 g sodium chloride in a 2-liter Erlenmeyer flask/beaker. Add 800 ml deionized water and mix. The solution will appear translucent yellowish with undissolved media ingredients.
One can use manual shaking using a glass pipette to mix all ingredients. Mixing using a Magnetic stirrer is optional. The magnetic stirrer makes the dissolving process easy and convenient.
◊ Do not dissolve in 1000 ml of deionized / Milli-Q water. It is always a good practice to dissolve all media ingredients first and then adjust the volume to the desired volume with the solvent. In most cases, solution volume increases when a large amount of solute dissolves in the solvent.
◊ Make sure no lumps are remaining after making the suspension of medium components.
Step 2: Dissolve all ingredients completely by heating to boiling while stirring.
Medium with completely dissolved ingredients will appear as a transparent yellowish solution.
◊ Once all the ingredients of the medium are dissolved and the medium appears transparent, stop the heating. Don’t unnecessarily heat the medium.
◊ Make sure to dissolve any residual powder sticking to the glass.
Step 3: Cool down the medium to room temperature. Adjust the pH 7.0 with 5N NaOH (~0.2 ml).
The LB medium is not very highly buffered. The pH of the medium drops, as the growing culture reaches near the saturation phase.
Since pH is dependent on temperature, It is always a good practice to adjust the medium pH only after the solution has cooled down to 25°C (room temperature).
Step 4: Adjust the volume to 1000 ml with deionized / Milli-Q water. Mix it again.
Step 5: Transfer the medium to autoclavable bottles or cover the Erlenmeyer flask with cotton plug and aluminum foil.
One can make small aliquots of the medium if needed (e.g., 5 ml aliquot in 50 ml conical flask).
Step 6: Sterilize the solution by autoclaving for 20 minutes at 15 lb/in2 (1.05 kg/cm2) on liquid cycle.
◊ Antibiotics and nutritional supplements should be added only after the solution has cooled to 40°C or below. Many supplements, like antibiotics, are degraded at high temperatures.
◊ After autoclaving, all sterile solutions should be handled inside the laminar flow hood to maintain sterility.
The solution can be stored at room temperature for a few days. Keep the medium at 2 – 8 °C for longer storage.
Bacterial growth medium
|Follow the table to prepare Lennox LB broth of various volumes.|
|Reagents / Volume||100 ml||500 ml||1,000 ml||10,000 ml|
|Tryptone||1 g||5 g||10 g||100 g|
|Yeast extract||0.5 g||2.5 g||5 g||50 g|
|Sodium chloride||0.5 g||2.5 g||5 g||50 g|
|Water||Adjust the final volume to 100 ml||Adjust the final volume to 500 ml||Adjust the final volume to 1000 ml||Adjust the final volume to 10000 ml|