- Growth factor/mitogenic signaling is required for G1 phase progress. Withdrawal of growth factors/mitogens from cell culture can arrest the cells in G1 phase called G0.
- However, at some point in the cell cycle, cells do not need growth factors/mitogens for cell cycle progression and complete the rest of the steps without their need. The point after which the cell cycle progression becomes independent of growth factors/mitogens is called the restriction point (R).
- Once the dividing cells pass through the restriction point, cell cycle progression is no longer dependent on growth factors/mitogens.
- The concept of restriction point is based on classical experiments on cell culture where the withdrawal of growth factors/mitogens from the culture arrested cells in the G1 phase. However, after crossing a certain point, the withdrawal of growth factors/mitogens no longer was able to inhibit cell cycle progression.
- Restriction point is critical to cell cycle progression as the decision “to divide” or “not to divide” is taken by the cell. A deregulated restriction point has been observed in most tumors.
Was this post helpful?
Let us know if you liked the post. That’s the only way we can improve.