Potassium Antimonyl Tartrate Trihydrate [C8H4K2O12Sb2.3H2O] Molecular Weight Calculation

The molecular weight of Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate (C8H4K2O12Sb2.3H2O) is 667.8732.

Potassium Antimonyl Tartrate Trihydrate (C8H4K2O12Sb2.3H2O) Molecular Weight CalculationPotassium antimonyl tartrate (C8H4K2O12Sb2) is an organic compound of five elements: Carbon, Hydrogen, Potassium, Oxygen, Sulfur, and Antimony. Trihydrate form (C8H4K2O12Sb2.3H2O) also contains three molecules of water. The molecular weight of Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate is 667.8732 which can be calculated by adding up the total weight (atomic weight multiplied by their number) of Carbon, Hydrogen, Potassium, Oxygen and Sulfur, Antimony and three molecules of water.

CALCULATION PROCEDURE: Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate [C8H4K2O12Sb2.3H2O] Molecular Weight Calculation

Step 1: Find out the chemical formula and determine constituent atoms and their number in a Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate molecule.
From the chemical formula, you will know different atoms and their number in a Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate molecule. Chemical formula of Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate is C8H4K2O12Sb2.3H2O. From the chemical formula of Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate, you can find that one molecule of Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate has eight Carbon (C) atoms, four Hydrogen (H) atoms, two Potassium (K) atoms, twelve Oxygen (O) atoms, one Antimony (Sb) atom,  and three molecules of water (H2O).

Step 2: Find out atomic weights of each atom (from periodic table).

Atomic weight of Carbon (C): 12.0107 (Ref: Jlab-ele006)
Atomic weight of Hydrogen (H) : 1.008 (Ref: Lanl-1)
Atomic weight of
Potassium (K): 39.0983 (Ref: Ciaaw-potassium)
Atomic weight of Nitrogen (N): 14.00674 (Ref: Jlab-ele007)
Atomic weight of Oxygen (O) : 15.9994 (Ref: Jlab-ele008)
Atomic weight of
Antimony (Sb): 121.76 (Ref: ciaaw-antimony)
Molecular weight of water (H2O): 18.0154 

Step 3: Calculate the molecular weight of Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate by adding the total weight of all atoms.

Number of Carbon (C) atoms in Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate: 8
Atomic weight of Carbon: 12.0107
Total weight of Carbon atoms in Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate: 12.0107 x 8 = 96.0856

Number of Hydrogen (H) atoms in Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate: 4
Atomic weight of Hydrogen: 1.008
Total weight of Hydrogen atoms in Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate: 1.008 x 4 = 4.032

Number of Potassium (K) atoms in Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate: 2
Atomic weight of Potassium: 39.0983
Total weight of Potassium atoms in Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate: 39.0983 x 2 = 78.1966

Number of Oxygen (O) atoms in Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate: 12
Atomic weight of Oxygen: 15.9994
Total weight of Oxygen atoms in Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate: 15.9994 x 12 = 191.9928

Number of Antimony (Sb) atoms in Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate: 2
Atomic weight of Antimony: 121.76
Total weight of Oxygen atoms in Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate: 121.76 x 2 = 243.52

Number of water (H2O) molecules in Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate: 3
Molecular weight of water: 18.0154
Total weight of water in Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate: 18.0154 x 3 = 54.0462

Step 4: Calculate the molecular weight of Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate by adding up the total weight of all atoms and water molecules.

Molecular weight of Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate : 96.0856 (Carbon) + 4.032 (Hydrogen) + 78.1966 (Potassium) + 191.9928 (Oxygen) + 243.52 (Antimony) + 54.0462 (water) = 667.8732

So the molecular weight of Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate is 667.8732.

Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate [C8H4K2O12Sb2.3H2O] Molecular Weight Calculation

Molecular weight of Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate (C8H4K2O12Sb2.3H2O)
Constituent atomsNumber of each atom/molecule
Atomic weight/molecular weight
Total weight
Carbon (C)
8
12.0107
96.0856
Hydrogen (H)
4
1.008
4.032
Potassium (K)239.098378.1966
Oxygen (O)1215.9994191.9928
Antimony (Sb)2
121.76243.52
Water318.015454.0462
Molecular weight of Potassium antimonyl tartrate trihydrate (C8H4K2O12Sb2.3H2O):
667.8732

REFERENCES:

  • Lanl-1: https://periodic.lanl.gov/1.shtml 
  • Jlab-ele006; https://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele006.html 
  • Ciaaw-potassium: https://www.ciaaw.org/potassium.htm 
  • Jlab-ele008: https://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele008.html
  • Jlab-ele016: https://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele016.html
  • ciaaw-antimony: https://www.ciaaw.org/antimony.htm

See also:

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